Effect of Conjugate Heat Transfer on MEMS-Based Thermal Shear Stress Sensor – Numerical Heat Transfer Aug 2005

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The effect of conjugate heat transfer resulting from a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based thermal shear stress is investigated. Due to the length-scale disparity and large solid–fluid thermal conductivity ratio, a two-level computation is used to examine the relevant physical mechanisms and their influences on wall shear stress. The substantial variations in transport properties between the fluid and solid phases and their interplay with regard to heat transfer and near-wall fluid flow structures are investigated. It is demonstrated that for state-of-the-art sensor design, the buoyancy effect can noticeably affect the accuracy of the shear stress measurement.

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August 1, 2005